Market fluctuations, technology and regulation are key areas which shape major industry trends. Consolidation continues as a major theme moving forward, with smaller operators facing the threat of being pushed out of the market by global carriers. Green opportunities in both shipping and logistics continue to fuel the sustainability movement while also creating spectrum-wide cost-cutting efficiencies. Volume and demand continue to increase across the sector, amplifying the problem of terminal congestion. The digital transformation that leverages machine learning and AI promise to partially address the problem in the absence of increased terminal supply.